TestQuality Blog

What is Quality Assurance in Software Testing?

Unit Tests
  1. What Is the Definition of Quality Assurance Testing?
  2. What Exactly Is Quality Control?
  3. What Exactly Is Testing?
  4. The Role of Quality Assurance in Software Testing
  5. What Is the Relationship Between Quality Assurance and Software Testing?
  6. QA Testing Involves More Than Just Fixing Software Flaws
  7. QC vs QA
  8. Using a combination of Test Automation and Manual testing
  9. Creating your own Quality Assurance Test Strategy
  10. Best practices for QA testing:
  11. Conclusion

Quality Assurance (QA) is a typical process for ensuring that the end product of any Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC) corresponds to the overall and scope-agreed-upon objectives.

Historically, quality assurance (QA) testing has been introduced rather late in the software development cycle. In a Waterfall process, for example, the software is created and then sent along to the QA team, which provides input and then sends the program back to the development team to be fixed. In an Agile environment, everyone, including the QA team, collaborates to produce continuous changes.

QA typically struggles to find its position as developers, operators, and testers accept a shared responsibility for ensuring a high-quality final result. Automated software testing adds another degree of complexity to the equation, raising key concerns such as, "What is QA testing?" and how does quality assurance fit into today's fast-paced development process?

1.What Is the Definition of Quality Assurance Testing?

Quality assurance testing is a procedure that guarantees a company offers the finest possible products or services. Because QA attempts to offer consistent results through a set of defined procedures, businesses must also ensure that their methods for reaching the intended results meet particular quality norms.

In a nutshell, quality assurance (QA) encompasses all efforts concentrated on adopting standards and processes connected with ensuring software fulfills certain criteria before it is published to the public. The important thing to remember is that QA does not entail product testing. Instead, it concentrates on the methods that will secure the greatest possible outcome. In the end, QA activities are process-oriented.

2.What Exactly Is Quality Control?

Quality Control (QC) is a procedure in software engineering that is used to assure the quality of goods or services. It differs from QA, which is concerned with the process. QC checks the quality of finished items through product-oriented activities that focus on the end result. The goal of quality control is to guarantee that the product design fulfills the customer's expectations and standards.

Quality Assurance Testing Vs Quality Control


If QC discovers a problem with the final product, it should preferably be fixed before the end-customer receives it. To put it simply, quality control (QC) encompasses everything involved in ensuring that a product or service fulfills both conventional quality criteria and client requests. It entails evaluating the efficacy and consequences of a finished product, such as executing software after the software development process and identifying and correcting faults before the software is made public. QC's actions are focused on the product.

3.What Exactly Is Testing?

The actual testing of a product to ensure that it meets QC requirements is referred to as testing. This may entail utilizing or stress testing the product, as well as determining whether the actual service results match the projected results. Before the product or service goes online, the procedure discovers any flaws.

Testing guarantees that errors, bugs, and defects in software are identified. Software testing also entails running a software component to analyze its properties. Product-oriented testing activities are also carried out.

4.The Role of Quality Assurance in Software Testing

Most businesses strive to provide their customers with the greatest product available. However, in a drive to stay up with market expectations and release the latest innovations as soon as feasible, customer-centricity is frequently overlooked. When developing software, the goal is to have a smooth development, design, distribution, and delivery process. But, as we all know, that is extremely unusual.

Consider your own personal experience. You've undoubtedly faced a surprising software glitch, unexpected downtime, or some other issue while attempting to perform a task more times than you can count. Or perhaps you were dissatisfied with a software solution that was difficult to use, did not function as promised, or was just sluggish.
These many challenges are addressed by software testing and quality assurance. The former aims to find bugs, mistakes, vulnerabilities, and other flaws, whereas the latter tackles usability concerns that may or may not be technical in origin.

The goal of QA testing is to provide the best possible outcome to the client. A software defect is more than just a bug in a QA setting. It may be any issue that has an influence on the end-user experience, such as bad navigation, sluggish load times, or confusing web content. The only method to reduce the chance of faults while simultaneously improving end-user experience is to incorporate software and quality assurance testing throughout the development process.

5.What Is the Relationship Between Quality Assurance and Software Testing?

Before a product, whether software or otherwise, can be released to the market, it must go through multiple rounds of testing. Products must be tested in a variety of ways, with a variety of users and scenarios, to ensure that the software delivered to end users provides a consistent, high-quality experience in a variety of settings.

While testing and quality are intricately intertwined, it is critical to recognize that quality assurance testing and software testing are not the same thing. Finding and applying a solution to a problem is part of quality assurance.

A typical QA procedure looks like this:

  1. Requirement generation
  2. Make estimations
  3. Create a strategy
  4. Develop documentation
  5. Carry out daily sprints
  6. Specify what must occur before a product is declared done.
  7. Testing

Whereas contracts, checklists, and control historically dictated the process, today's QA team works alongside developers. Agile QA testing is less about running tests and more about bringing a deep understanding of the customer into the fold—acting as an advocate for satisfying expectations.

6.QA Testing Involves More Than Just Fixing Software Flaws

Quality Assurance testing entails more than just troubleshooting. It is also about setting quality standards and putting checks and balances in place to guarantee that the finished product fulfills those criteria.

Organizations must first develop a quantifiable set of quality metrics as well as a procedure for verifying that those standards are reflected in software. This means that enterprises must obtain a thorough grasp of what the end-user considers to be a "excellent experience."

These metrics must be properly specified in order for the quality assurance team to obtain information from software testing and identify what changes are required. The internal quality of the program (the code) must be optimized in order to optimize the exterior quality (the end-user experience).

While it is critical to resolve software flaws, it is also crucial to realize that software testing and quality assurance are two sides of the same coin. It is critical to decide which quality features should be in place, in addition to controlling and eliminating faults. Anything that does not fulfill the demands of the end user may be considered a flaw.

Program testing determines quality qualities based on objective data and then feeds that knowledge to QA, which is in charge of executing modifications to the software that result in improved user outcomes. Nonetheless, as more of their regular jobs are automated, QA professionals must begin to expand their expertise in order to contribute more value.
Quality assurance testing in an agile setting is only one example of how  TestQuality product development methods are infused with quality.

7.QC vs QA

Let's compare real testing and quality assurance activities to the QA process to better understand the scope and procedure of each:

Quality Control
  • A walkthrough that includes a variety of testing tasks.
  • Product-oriented activities
  • Only verification and compliance of the product to specifications are the focus of QC actions.
  • Inspection, sampling, and testing are all part of the actions.
  • A reactive and corrective process
  • The team

Quality Assurance
  • The process of auditing software quality from many perspectives.
  • Process-oriented activities
  • The procedure utilized to develop the product is the focus of QA actions.
  • Documentation, audit, management, training, change control, and management, as well as investigation, are all actions that must be taken.
  • A proactive and preventive process.
  • The team and relevant stakeholders

Software testing QA for firms that employ current SDLC approaches such as DevOps adheres to the notion of Continuous Improvement, which is the continual improvement of the processes used to provide high-quality software.

The progress is assessed against how end users and corporate organizations perceive software quality, indicating opportunities for improvement. The input is then fed back into the SDLC process, where a new or alternative set of Quality Control functions may be established to satisfy the new needs.

8.Using a combination of Test Automation and Manual testing

Ideally, your quality assurance (QA) testing process should mix both automated and manual testing. The key is determining which form of test is best appropriate for each aspect and stage of the product's development.

You may cover a wide range of settings and scenarios with manual testing. The comments from the QA testers on the app's experience and feel will be crucial. Manual tests are preferred for exploratory, usability, and ad hoc testing. Manual tests should ideally be carried out by highly competent and experienced testers who represent various end user profiles and use a diverse variety of devices and operating systems.

Manual testing can be improved with periodic automated tests to reduce time when testing. When executing white box testing, load tests, and other performance tests, automation is the best approach as we discussed why is Test Automation necessary.

Any test that must be run on a regular basis should be automated. Automated tests are practical and dependable, and they will assist you in ensuring that the software functions sufficiently from a technical aspect.

Automation will not meet all of your testing requirements. Crowdtesting can be used to augment in-house manual testing. With this method, your product may be evaluated on a much greater scale in a much shorter amount of time.

9.Creating your own Quality Assurance Test Strategy

The correct QA testing technique will offer your design and development teams with the knowledge they need to create a high-quality app. Remember that software quality is determined not by testing but by the results of your QA tests and how you utilise this data.
Your approach to QA testing must be tailored to the product you are creating.

10.Best practices for QA testing:

1. Only test one thing at a time: tests should have specific goals. Each test should concentrate on a specific feature or look at aspects such as user interface or security.
2. Understand the numerous types of testing available: There are many different sorts of tests available, ranging from load testing to user acceptance testing (UAT), so make sure you understand the distinctions and how to apply them.
3. Use regression tests: testing a core feature only once is insufficient. New code repository contributions may conflict with previously tested features.
4. Report and monitor bugs: decide how bugs will be submitted and what type of data will be required. Will you utilize an open-source bug tracking solution or create one tailored to your workflow?
5. Use analytics to determine which QA metrics to track. Keep track of every test you run and use this information to figure out where issues are most likely to appear. This information will assist you in developing new tests to target issue areas.
6. Select the appropriate testing environment: aim to cover a wide range of scenarios, including different devices, operating systems, and user profiles.
7. Use unit and integration tests: unit testing isolates each component of your software, while integration testing evaluates how well each subsystem functions. To save time, run unit tests in parallel, but don't go on to integration tests until you've validated that individual components perform properly.
8. Don't ignore the user interface: employ functional tests done by human testers to run end-to-end scenarios and acquire a sense for the app's UI. It could be advisable to wait until you've resolved any issues discovered during unit and integration testing.


The QA process guarantees that the company's overall aim and vision are met by providing software that fulfills all quality criteria from both a technological and a business standpoint.
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